Ustd.Abdul Karim Khan
Audio Clip:- Thumari
Audio Clip:Dadra
Audio Clip:Raga Durga

Audio Clip:Raga Shudh kalyan

Audio Clip:Raga Basant Bahar

(Jugalbandi) With Smt.Heerabai Badodekar

Saraswati Rane

The Tradition






Kirana Gharana is one of the most popular Hindustani khayal gharanas.

The name of this school of music derives from Kirana or Kairana, a village near Kurukshetra in Haryana It is the birthplace of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan (1872-1937), who was one of the most important musicians of this gharana and of Hindustani music in general in the twentieth century, and is considered the real founder of Kirana gharana, as he made it most popular all over the country. while the roots of the tradition can be traced back to his great-grandfather Ghulam Ali and Ghulam Maula, the brother of Ghulam Ali. A frequent visitor to the Court of Mysore, Ustad Abdul Karim Khan was influenced by Carnatic music.

Much to the credit of Abdul Karim Khan, today most Hindustani musicians from Karnataka are exponents of Kirana Gharana and Kirana Gharana has imbibed many of the features of the Carnatic tradition. Particularly the culturally fecund border region between Karnataka and Maharashtra is famous for its tradition of the Kirana school of singing. The innovations he brought to his vocal style distinguish Kirana style from others. The slow melodic development of the raga in Vilmabit (slow tempo) was the most characteristic aspect of his music. He worked hard to maintain his voice to be sweet and melodious, which shaped his music. The thumri style he developed was also quite different from the poorab or punjabi ang. His thumari progresses in a leisurely langour with ample abandonment. He was also the first Hindustani musician to seriously study Carnatic system and probably the first to be invited to sing all over the south.



Suresh Babu  Mane





Sureshbabu had his initial training from his father, Ustad Karim Khan and later training from the doyen of Kirana Gharana, Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan, (who was his uncle). Sureshbabu was an expert in Khayal, Thumri, Marathi Natya Sangeet, and Bhajan. He performed in musical roles in several Marathi plays, and movies. He was a great music composer too.

Sureshbabu's sister, Hirabai Badodekar and Saraswatibai Rane and Prabha Atre are well-known classical music singers-- were among his important disciples.



Hirabai Barodekar





Hirabai had her initial training from her brother Sureshbabu Mane and later training from the doyen of Kirana Gharana, Ustad Abdul Wahid Khan, who was a cousin of her father, Abdul Karim Khan.

Hirabai had a superb voice. She was an expert in Khyal, Thumri, Marathi Natya Sangeet, and Bhajan. She is credited with having popularized Hindustani Classical Music among the masses. Hirabai was the first lady who gave solo performance in open mahafil in the year 1921. She not only popularized classical music in the society as a whole, but was respected in affluent class

Hirabai acted in several movies, including "Suvarna Mandir", "Pratibha", "Janabai", and "Municipality". She also started a music school, "Nutan Sangeet Vidyalaya", to teach music to girls. The school staged several plays.

Hirabai became a recording artist very early in her career. (Her 78 rpm recordings have been re-released on cassettes by RPG in their Classical Gold series.)

A few among Hirabai's many students: Saraswatibai Rane, Prabha Atre, , Malati Pande.








Working on stage in her mother's 'Nutan Sangeet Natak Mandali', with luminaries like Bal Gandharva, Master Krishnarao, Vinayakbuwa Patwardhan, Sawai Gandharva and Meenakshi Shirodkar, musicals like 'Soubhadra', 'Sanchaya Kollol' and 'Ekacha Pyala' brought her fame. Between 1929 and 1933 she cut several discs with the 'Odeon' label under the name of Kumari Saraswati Mane, rendering Hindi Bhajans and Marathi Bhavgeet. In the meantime, she married Mr. Sunderrao Rane. In the early 1940's, she made recordings as a playback singer for movies such as 'Paisa Bolto Aahe' (Marathi, 1943).  She also acted in a Marathi film 'Savitri', and later took to playback singing for Marathi and Hindi films. Probebly she was the first female artist from the upper crest of the society who provided platback. She provided playback to over 50 films. She sang in almost all the films produced by Acharya P. K. Atre. Her song 'Beena madhur madhur vacha bol' in raga Bhimpalas from the Hindi/Marathi film 'Ram Rajya' (Prakash Films) was most popular. Her songs were heard all over North India. Younger listeners will probably remember her rendering Raga Shudh Kalyan with her grand daughter Shrimati Meena Faterpekar in the movie 'Bhumika', directed by the renowned director Shyam Benegal. Saraswati Rane cut over 200 songs on 78 rpm discs consisting of classical, light classical and film songs. She was probably one of the pioneering female playback singers of the Indian film industry.

However, in order to concentrate on the performance of Hindustani classical music, at one point in time she virtually stop accepting offers for playback singing. By then, she was a regular performer for All India Radio, and had also made several gramophone records with 'Odeon', 'His Master's Voice', 'Columbia', and 'Young India' records, apart from her countrywide concert tours. Her renderings of Ragas Chandrakauns, Basant Bahar, Yaman and the immortal Marathi numbers 'Ghanashyam Nayani Aalaa', 'Jaa Ghevuni Sandesh Pakhara', the duets with her sister Hirabai Barodekar remain ever-popular. She also had the honour of singing the Maharashtra Geet on the very first Maharashtra Day, the 1st of May, along with her sister. She has also recorded a LP record of duet with her sister Heerabai Barodekar in 1960. She received several awards including the prestigious ITC Award 2006, presented at the ITC Sangeet Sammelan in Delhi.

She was very active in music circles and used to attend music programs and functions. She attended the Hirabai Barodekar birth centenary program at Sharada Sangeet Vidyalaya, Bandra in May 2006. She participated in this function and sang raga Shudh Sarang.  Smt. Saraswatibai Rane, the last living member of Ustad Abdul Karim Khan's family passed away at Pune on Tuesday October 10, 2006.





©   Developed by Maitraee Graphics